ASD Fellow for Malign Finance Josh Rudolph gives readers a short introduction to his recently released paper Covert Foreign Money: Financial Loopholes Exploited by Authoritarians to Fund Political Interference in Democracies, co-authored with Research Assistant Thomas Morley. 

In the most comprehensive global study to date of how covert foreign money is used to interfere in democracies, Malign Finance Fellow Josh Rudolph and Research Assistant Thomas Morley track over 100 cases of malign financial interference in democracies from the past decade. The authors identify seven legal loopholes that currently expose democratic institutions and processes in the United States, Europe, and elsewhere to exploitation by authoritarian regimes like Russia and China—loopholes that must be urgently addressed.

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