ASD’s director Laura Rosenberger published a “Think-Piece” for the European Political Strategy Centre’s High-Level Conference on ‘Election Interference in the Digital Age: Building Resilience to Cyber-Enabled Threats.’
Europe is no stranger to Russian government efforts to interfere in and undermine democracy. These operations employ a range of tools, including information operations, cyberattacks, malign financial influence, strategic economic coercion, and subversion of civil society. Russian-linked efforts to interfere in Macedonia’s recent referendum on the name agreement with Greece were just one recent example of how these tools are used together. Moscow exploits these relatively low-cost methods to attempt to gain relative power by weakening others, including NATO and the EU.